On the other hand, there are other breeds that have the same characteristics. In this article, find out the reasons for this condition and what the risks are for the animal. Finally, we will present the most common blue-eyed dog breeds
Why are there dogs with blue eyes?
It is obvious that we are generally very surprised to see dogs with blue eyes. They are absolutely lovely and out of the ordinary. In general, the fact that they have the iris of their eyes clearer than the rest of their congeners may be due to 4 main reasons:
1 – The Merle gene
This is the most common reason that a dog has blue eyes: a side effect of the Merle gene which dilutes the random parts of the pigment in the nose and iris. In this case, dogs have small spots on the muzzle. There are also cases where the animal has an iris of each color or one of its eyes has two different shades. Sometimes animals with this abnormality are deaf.
2 – Pigmentation problems
One of the other causes of blue or clear eyes in dogs is the cells of its body. They are not able to produce pigments. These animals often have white spots around the eyes and face. They may also have pink noses.
3 – Series C
When a dog is affected by “Series C”, he suffers from a condition known as albinism. It is likely that in addition to having white skin, he has blue or clear eyes and a completely pink nose.
4 – The separate gene
The last of the reasons that dogs can have blue eyes is a gene that has nothing to do with coat color. This happens in Siberian Huskies and some Border Collies.
Dogs that live in cold areas and are used by Eskimos can have an eye of each color. It has no influence on the color of their hair.
What breeds of dogs can have blue eyes?
By not taking into account the cases of anomalies in the genes or in the skin, the blue-eyed breeds are:
1 – The Siberian Husky
Although he may have eyes of different colors, those with a heavenly tone are the most “known”. It is also common to find specimens with an iris of each color.
In this case there is no risk of deafness. Indeed, in the case of Husky , the Merle gene is not responsible for the pigmentation of their eyes.
However, the Siberian Husky can suffer from eye problems, cataracts, glaucoma or even go blind within a few years.
2 – The Australian Shepherd
Another specimen of blue-eyed dogs. In some animals of this breed, the same iris sometimes has 2 distinct colors. Animals with the clear-eye gene are often those with red, two-color or three-color hair .
3 – The Border Collie
The color of the eyes of this breed can be brown or blue and even in some cases, when the animals have a mottled coat, be heterochromic (one eye of each color).
4 – The Dalmatian
Blue-eyed Dalmatians are, in most cases, deaf. They are at least more likely to suffer from this problem than animals of the same breed with brown eyes. The Merle gene can cause this anomaly.
5 – The Shepherd of the Shetland Islands
It is similar to the Collie and, like this breed, it can inherit diseases and deformities of the eyes. In this case also the color of the eyes is linked to deafness.
6 – The Weimaraner
It is one of the most characteristic blue-eyed dogs because it has an iris tone that changes as it grows. When this dog is born, his eyes are clear . At 3 months they become turquoise or greenish.
On his first birthday, they are almost amber in color.
Finally, it is worth clarifying something. Although this eye color looks strange, there are other breeds of dogs that may have blue eyes. This is due to an abnormality in a recessive gene , even if the parents of this dog did not exhibit this characteristic.
When the image of blue-eyed dogs comes to mind, we automatically think of a Siberian Husky . However, there are other races with the same characteristic. In this article we tell you what this condition is and what the risks are for the animal, in addition to which breeds are prone to light eyes.
Why are there dogs with blue eyes?
There is no doubt that we are surprised to see dogs with blue eyes. They are really beautiful and out of the ordinary. Basically, having irises lighter than the rest can be due to four reasons :
1. Gen Merle
This is the most common reason why a dog has blue eyes: a side effect of the Gen Merle , which dilutes the random parts of the pigment in the nose and irises . In this case, the dogs also have spots on their muzzles. There are even cases in which the animal has an iris of each color or half of a tone and the other half of another. Often those with this abnormality are also deaf.
2. Pigmentation problems
Another cause of blue or light eyes in dogs is that some of the cells in their body are unable to produce pigment. They usually present white spots around the eyes and on the face, as well as pink nose.
3. Series C
When a dog is affected by “Series C” it suffers from a condition known as albinism . It is likely that in addition to having white skin, you have blue or light eyes and a completely pink nose.
4. Separate gene
The last of the causes in blue-eyed dogs is a gene that has nothing to do with coat color. This happens in Siberian Husky and in some Border Collies . Dogs that live in cold areas and are used by Eskimos can have one eye of each color regardless of the shade of the coat.
What breeds of blue-eyed dogs are there?
Taking out cases of abnormalities in the genes or in the skin, those breeds of dogs with blue eyes are:
1. Siberian Husky
Although they can present eyes of different colors, the light blue ones are the most “famous” . It is also common to find specimens with an iris of each color. In this case there is no relationship with deafness, since it is not due to Gen Merle. The Siberian Husky can have eye problems, cataracts, glaucoma, and even go blind within a few years.
2. Australian Shepherd
Another of the dogs with blue eyes that can also be of any shade. They are known by the nickname “ghost-eyed dogs” since they are quite clear. In some specimens you can see that the same iris has two different colors. Those with the light-eye gene are usually those with a red, bicolor or tricolor coat.
3. Border Collie
The color of the eyes in this breed can be brown or blue, and in certain cases, when they have mottled fur, have heterochromia (one eye of each color).
Dalmatians with blue eyes in most cases are deaf or more likely to suffer from this problem than those with brown eyes. This is because the cause of the iris hue corresponds to the Merle gene abnormality.
5. Shetland Sheepdog
It is similar to the Collie and, like this breed, can inherit diseases and malformations in the eyes. In this case, eye color is also related to deafness .
This is one of the most striking blue-eyed dogs because the hue changes as they grow. When they are born they are clear, and after three months they turn turquoise or greenish. For the year approximately they are already amber.
Finally, it is worth noting that although it is very rare, there are other breeds of dogs that can present blue eyes due to an abnormality in a recessive gene even if the parents do not have this characteristic.