Getting Work from Home
Travel affects your mental health, physical health, and even the way we think about other people. And these changes are deeper than it seems.
The average traveler spends about an hour a day and from work, but spends much as three hours away. These hours spent in the car can have profound psychological and physical effects on us. A growing number of studies show that there are many more subtle problems with behavior that you’ve probably heard.
And, as a corollary, more scientists to quantify how the movements of the “assets” that involve walking, cycling hoverboarding, inside or outside the brand can make life better.
Driving is the most stressful way to commute
Safe: Driving is very stressful. Traffic is stressful. Tardiness is stressful. These observations are not revolutionary, but the researchers found that some types of movements produce very different stress levels. In August, a team of researchers from McGill University published an article in search of transport became a seemingly simple question: What kind of neighborhood lingers for most tension walkers, users of public transport, or drivers?
The study involved nearly 4,000 subjects who travel to work or school at McGill University in Montreal and were interviewed at the end of a long winter when it was still very cold. The results showed something interesting: Even if they were deep holes in the winter of Montreal, walkers had a less stressful way. The second type on the ferry was in transit and even then, the subjects said the most enjoyable part of the trip was walking to and from the train or bus.
So even if the protesters had to cross the cold winters of Montreal, which also suffered less stress on your way to work. Not everyone likes the luxury of living close enough to walk to work, but even when respondents have in common, I enjoyed the ride more. By far it was carried out in the most stressful, in part because the subjects had to budget a lot of extra time if an error has occurred.
It is also bad for health
Probably they wondering if we can really trust the way passengers responded to a survey about the study. Self-reporting is notoriously a methodology little, right?
Sure, but there are studies that give us more objective evidence, too, as UC Irvine researcher Raymond Novaco summarized in this summary review of research on travel and wellness. For example, in 1998, two scientists from Florida named Steven M. White and James Rotton decided to test how the movement affected blood pressure and heart rate and got around the issue of free choice by assigning subjects of their means of transport to chance. Led people who had significantly higher blood pressure and heart rate and “minor frustration tolerance,” that those who took the bus.
Since then, he has accumulated more evidence on the physical functions of driving to work. In 2012, a study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine tracked the health of more than 4,200 drivers across Texas cities over several years. The researchers took weekly health measures all drivers of their glucose levels and cholesterol levels and metabolic things as body mass index and weight.
Thus, they got a very clear picture of how travel distance associated with healthcare: The greater the distance a person had to drive more cardiorespiratory capacity was lower your blood pressure and body mass index, even after setting the amount of physical activity is a conductor.
Other studies peg the increase to an exact number: Every hour in a car you make 6 percent more likely to be obese. Every kilometer walking (about 0.6 miles) fell by almost 5 percent.
It’s bad for relationships and community, as
This flyer is physically and mentally stressful may not be a surprise. But you can: drive appears to affect the social and economic health of the entire city by lowering their trust in others and asked not relate socially in their community.
A recent study of more than 21,000 people in Scania, Sweden, found that people who travel by car, are not only less social-treat fewer social events, family gatherings or public events, but are less confident, more drivers they said they could not trust most people. Meanwhile, passengers on assets or cycling travelers and even traffic have reported much greater social participation and trust in others.
The results, published this year in the environment and behavior suggest that car travel, overnight, in fact, the creation of “social capital”, a term of social relationships that lead to community building and economic development, or “the glue that holds societies together and without which there can be no economic growth or human well-being.”
The authors make a compelling argument: Poor urban planning is actual harmed economic and social development of man. “The car trips were associated with lower levels of social participation and overall confidence,” conclude the authors, adding that we must consider how to balance its growth markets growing cities with movements of labor these workers They will have to endure.
When we are designing cities that make long trips required work, which damage the social health of these cities. active transport is not conducive to the health of people: it leads to healthier cities.
Riding or walking to work makes you healthier and happier
What is fascinating about the Swedish study was that people cycling and walking helped develop greater confidence in their peers and become more involved in their cities. There are also studies showing that a lot for your health and happiness.
A frequently cited study the University of East Anglia of about 18,000 adults in the UK last year showed that the transition from driving to walking (or riding) reported feeling better and have better concentration. And even if they had to take a train or a bus, they were even more pleased that the drivers, as the lead author Adam Martin said:
A surprising finding was that passengers reported feeling better when traveling by public transport, compared to driving. You might think that things like the interruption of service or daily commuters crowds could be a cause of considerable stress. But as buses or trains also give people time to relax, read, socialize, and usually there is a walk associated with the bus stop or train station, it seems to encourage people.
As explained above own Gizmodo Alissa Walker, the increase in the number of people walking in a neighborhood has the power to increase property values and community neighbors. “Walking is the easiest, most cost-effective to improve the economic and environmental viability of a city,” Walker wrote.
Meanwhile, a good summary of the evidence on the bike to work is a vast reviewed in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports called health benefits of cycling: a systematic review, which evaluated 16 different studies attend all an association between cycling and minor cases of colon cancer simple cardiovascular fitness benefits. But in general, 14 of the 16 studies showed the benefits of cycling for health, although the pace is slower and the short distance.
More importantly, 14 studies have shown a strong inverse relationship between cycling and mortality, if colon cancer or cardiovascular disease. His conclusion is simple: workhorse will improve your fitness, reduce the risk of death from cardiovascular disease or cancer, and the risk of obesity.
… And the benefits far outweigh the risks
There is a great argument against the division of labor we hear again and again, and a smaller one. The first is the physical danger of cycling, and the second is the risk of inhaling car fumes while driving through the streets of the city. Many people may think that, despite the fact that riding or walking can make emotional and physical health, they do not want to risk an accident. That’s enough.
But this is precisely the risk / reward was subjected to scientific study, too. In fact, the authors of a major study even counted the relationship between work and life until the month constituency.
There are a few years, a Dutch study from the University of Utrecht calculated mortality rates if a group of 500,000 Dutch adults made the switch from driving to riding their bikes. Using data and data on air pollution, exercise, and accidents census, the first thing they found that the transition to putting riding from three months to 14 months to life expectancy. look small? Well, it’s not huge compared to what took air pollution and accidents. Breathing pollution on the street subtraction between eight days and a little more than a month in a lifetime, while accidents remaining five to nine days.
In general, riding to work was more beneficial than nine times the risk of accidents or air pollution.
As big as we can report the scientific evidence of the benefits of active transport, it is more difficult to articulate less empirical effects of riding or walking to work. An essay by Tim Kreider past few years is one of my personal when trying to explain the joy of riding to work favorites, and what seems to calm anxiety sea some of us feel. Kreider said,
I am convinced that these are the conditions in which we have evolved to thrive: in moderate threat of death at any time, the brain and fully integrated body, senses alert, fully committed to our environment. It is, how else are happier – they are probably happier in a hot tub with a martini and a very good friend naked – the way we are most fully alive and electrically.
After all, our bodies were designed to move, it is surprising that we feel better when they do.
¿Fall or collision is possible on a bike or walkshow do i get to work from home to work? Absolutely. But you may also be affected by slower longer-term ailments that behavior appears to be associated. Understanding how to get to work on two wheels or two feet can seem stressful. But once there, you might find that you enjoy.