Playing Texas Holdem

Learning to play a game of Texas Hold’em can seem much harder than it really is.
The game itself is actually very logical and simple and requires only a few minutes to learn.
Mastery of it, however, will take a little longer.
In this article, all the information you need to start playing the game is provided.
Anytime you get confused by the action, read below some guidance. Each issue also contains links to more in-depth articles on that specific topic.
When you feel you have the hang of it and is ready to play for real poker either online or live, visit our Texas Hold’em a first list of the best places to start.
fast Glossary

Before entering the description of the rules and gameplay, here’s a quick glossary of terms you’ll encounter.

  • Blinds: Short for “blind bets,” these are the forced bets made before the cards are dealt. In Hold’em, blinds take the place of the classic “a priori”.
  • Button: Nickname for the player acting as a dealer in the current hand.
  • Check: Similar to a call, but no money is bet. If there is a raise before the flop, the big blind can see.
  • Fifth Street: See River.
  • Flop: The first three community cards.
  • Fourth Street: See turn.
  • Preflop: Anything that occurs before the flop is dealt is preflop.
  • River: The (5th) Community treaty last letter; also known as the fifth street.
  • Showdown: When players reveal their cards to discover the winner of the pot.
  • Turn: The fourth community card dealt; also known as the fourth street.


The Texas Hold’em is a flop game, with the game so focused on gambling and cards being played.
Although the rules and the game remain largely the same, the ultimate goal is slightly different depending on whether you’re playing a cash game or a tournament.
Hold’em tournament is the same as any other game of Hold’em with a few additional rules and twists. If you want to learn the unique rules for tournaments, head to this article. (There will also be a link at the bottom of the page).
Texas Hold’em is played on a single table with two to 10 players. The goal is simple: win as many chips as possible, a pot at a time.
You win a pot by having the best hand, or by having all other players fold before the showdown.
The structure of Texas Hold’em can be divided into three main divisions:

  • Prepare
  • Betting rounds
  • Confrontation


Once your players sit around the table, the first thing you need is to have chips. Before you can figure out what kind of chips to give each player, you need to understand how the game works a little better, so we will get back to this.
For now, it is assumed that all players have chips in front of them.
The next step is to choose the player who will start with the dealer button. Hold’em is played with what is known as a rotary distributor, which means that a player will act as a distributor for one side, handing the role of dealer to the player on his left hand when completed.
To choose the merchant, well against each player a card, or spread the cards face down on the table and each player chooses one.
Annie Duke
Cells ultimate goal of cash, poker.
The player with the highest card (Aces are high for selecting a dealer) starts as the distributor.
If you are in a place with a professional dealer, or someone offers to always physically deal the cards, the dealer button still rotates around the table.
Although he or she is physically dealing the cards, for all purposes, the person with the button is seen as the dealer for the hand.
Once complete the hand, the player with the dealer button will pass it to the player to his left.

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Put out the blinds

Now that you have a distributor, you need to shut the blinds.
There are two blinds in Hold’em – a small blind and a big blind. The player to the left of the dealer puts the small blind.
The big blind (exactly, or very close, double the small blind) is placed by the player to the left of the small blind.
The size of the blinds dictates the betting game that is about to play. Usually, you want players to buy no less than 100 times the size of the big blind.
If you want to buy for $ 20, you should play with the blinds 10 ¢ / 20 ¢, or convenience, most people will play 10 ¢ / 25 ¢.

Back to chips: Once the blinds are established know what kind of chips you need to play. (In the above example, we would use 10 ¢, 25 ¢ chips and maybe a few $ 1 chip.)
Do you want to give the players enough chips in each denomination to allow the game to run smoothly?
Normally, a player will have only 10% of their total chips in the smallest denomination, since they are only ever used to pay the small blind. For the most part, all bets will be made with larger than the small blind chip.
Once you have the blinds out, you are ready to tackle the first part.

Gambling and betting rounds

The person trying deals cards to the left of the player with the dealer button first, which rotates around the table clockwise, giving each player a card at a time until each player has two cards. These are known as your hole cards.
A hand of Hold’em has composed of a minimum of one and a maximum of four rounds of betting. A hand ends when all players but one have folded, or the fourth and final round of betting is completed with several players still in the hand – whichever comes first.
At that time, players enter the Showdown (explained in the next section).


When all players receive their hole cards, which is now in the betting pre-flop.
Each player must look at your cards and decide what action they would like to have. In Hold’em, only one player can act both.
The pre-flop betting round begins with the player to the left of the big blind. This player has three options:

  • Fold: They pay nothing to the pot and throw his hand, waiting for the next deal to play again.
  • Customer: Conform to the amount of the big blind.
  • Raise: raise the commitment to double the amount of the big blind. A player may raise more depending on the betting style being played. (For more information about No-Limit betting formats and Pot-Limit, check out this article here.)

Once a player has made its action, the player to the left of them is their turn to act. Each player has the same options: fold, call the player’s bet to his right (if the previous player raised, which is the amount you must call) or raise.
A rise is always the amount of a bet, plus the amount of the previous bet, for example, if the big blind is 25 ¢, and the first player to act would like to raise, putting in a total of 50 ¢ (the + big blind an additional bet).
If the next player would like to back up, they would put in a total of 75 ¢ (the previous bet + an additional bet).
A betting round ends when two conditions are met:
All players have had the opportunity to act.
All players who have not folded have bet the same amount of money for the round.
Example 1 round of betting

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There are five players at the table:

Player 1 – Button
Player 2 – Small blind (10 ¢)
Player 3 – Big blind (25 ¢)
Start betting round
Player 4 – Call the big blind (25 ¢)
Player 5 – folds
Player 1 – Call the big blind (25 ¢)
Player 2 – Call the big blind (since they already have 10 ¢ bet, simply add another 15 ¢, for a total of 25 ¢)
Player 3 – checks (since they have already matched the bet, you do not need to add more money to call, what is known as a control)
End of the betting round
When Player 2 calls the big blind, all players have the same amount of money in front of them, but Player 3 (the big blind) has not had the opportunity to act, so the betting round is not over .
Once Player 3 checks, both conditions are met, and the betting round is over.

Example 2 betting round

Greg Mueller
Canada own Greg “FBT” Mueller
There are five players at the table:
Player 1 – Button
Player 2 – Small blind (10 ¢)
Player 3 – Big blind (25 ¢)
Start betting round
Player 4 – Call the big blind (25 ¢)
Player 5 – Increases (50 ¢)
Player 1 – Folds
Player 2 – Folds
Player 3 – reraises (who already have 25 ¢ in the big blind bet is completed by 50 ¢, and add an additional bet for a total of 75 ¢.)
Player 4 – Folds (their previous call of 25 ¢ is now in the pot)
Player 5 – Call (match the player’s bet 3 of a total of 75 ¢)

End of the betting round

In this scenario, all players had the opportunity to act when the player 3 brought up again. But all players have the same amount of money wagered.
Once Player 4 folds, only player Player 3 and 5 are left in the pot. When Player 5 calls, both conditions are met and ends the round of betting.


Once you finish the round of betting preflop, the flop is dealt. This is done by treating the first card from the deck face-down on the table (which becomes the burn card), followed by three cards face up.
Once this has been dealt with, the first after the flop betting round begins.
The rules of a post-flop betting round are the same as a pre-flop, with two minor exceptions: The first player to act is the next player with one hand to the left of the dealer, and the first player to act can happen or bet; as there has been a bet made, call is free.
A bet on the flop is the amount of the big blind. In our game, a player must put out 25 ¢ to place a bet.

The turn

Once the round of betting on the complete flop, the dealer deals one card face down followed by one card face up, also known as the “burn and convert.” Once the turn has been dealt, the third betting round begins.
The third round of betting is identical to the flop betting round with one exception: the size of a bet for this round and the last round of betting doubles, which means that to make a bet on our game now It will cost a player 50 ¢.

The river

Assuming that more than one player is left, not having folded in one of the above streets, the river is now. Treat the river is identical to that which is, in turn, a card being dealt face down, followed by one card face up.
This is the final street, and no more cards will be dealt in this hand. The betting round is identical to the betting round on the turn.


Once the river betting round is complete, players now come into confrontation. At this point, the best hand wins the pot. These are the rules you need to know about a Hold’em showdown:
The player who bet on the river is the default first player to reveal his hand. If any other players choose to show their hand first, that’s fine.
If there was betting happened on the river (all players checked), the player closest to the left of the dealer must open its first part, clockwise around the table to continue.
If a player has a losing hand, it is your choice to reveal their cards or just messing her hand and recognize the boat.

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The evaluation of hands

In Hold’em you must make the best hand possible using any combination of your two cards and the five community cards on the table.
You can use both, one or none of your own cards in making your best hand. Here are some rules about evaluating a winning poker hand:
The order of poker hand ranking can be found here. There are no exceptions to this order: one color is always better than a straight, and three class a bat always two pairs.
No hands used in other than Hold’em hands listed in this table. For example, having three pairs is actually only “two pairs,” with the highest value of two pairs of making your hand.
poker hands have to be exactly five cards, and only five cards are used to evaluate the winning hand. For example:

  • if the card is 2 ♥ J ♣ Q ♣ ♠ A ♦ K
  • Player 1 has T ♠ 9 ♣
  • Player 2 ♣ 2 ♣ T has

Both players have the same hand (a ladder ten to ace). This means that the pot is split between the two players. The remaining cards and the fact Player 1 also has a pair means nothing – only the best factors of five cards in hand to decide the winner.
If all remaining players have nothing (no pair or something stronger), the winning hand is the hand with the higher value single card, which means:

  • A 3 4 6 7 is a better hand than K Q J 9 8
  • A J 9 8 6 is a better hand than A J 9 8 2

Suits are never used to evaluate the strength of a hand.
Once you determine the winning hand, the player receives the pot. The dealer passes the dealer button on your left and the two players to the left of the dealer again extended its large and small blind respectively.

Random rules


  • When more than two players still in hand, only one bet and three raises can be made in a round of betting. Once the third raise betting is “covered”. Once betting is capped, players can only call or fold.
  • A player must declare their intention to verbally ask before taking any action, or bring the amount of chips equal to the total amount of the increase in play at the same time. a player is not allowed to place chips, back to your stack and place more chips. This is known as a chain bet.
  • Solutions to any other random situation you find yourself can be found here.

Buying chips

  • The minimum number of chips a player is allowed to buy before your first hand dealt is determined by the house rules that govern the game. Normally, a minimum is 50-100 times the big blind.
  • There is no maximum for the number of chips a player can buy at any time.
  • A player can recharge, or add more chips to his stack at any time between hands. Once one side starts, a player can only use chips that were in play at the start of the hand, during that hand. All additional chips will not be “in play” until the next deal.