How to prevent injury to diabetes-induced foot
A heavyweight in the segment of chronic diseases, diabetes is the worst enemy of the modern world. Changes our lifestyle and poor diet became even more frequent. But, as the famous saying goes, “keep your friends and closest enemies,” We will study the container.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which a person has high levels of sugar in the blood due to the body’s inability to produce insulin or regulate. In most cases, it is recommended that the patient takes insulin separately. It is not a contagious disease that affects the human body in different ways.
The immune system of a person with diabetes should be strengthened and more attention than usual to protect against bacterial and viral invasions. Diabetics are often advised to take note of physical damage and healing takes much longer. Apart from this, it is also sensitive to the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Diabetes and foot injuries
high levels of blood glucose prevents different parts of your body in many different ways. a serious threat to the nervous system arises, which can endanger and impede the proper transmission of signals to and from the brain. Diabetics often complain of problems associated with feet. This is due to the increase of sugar levels in the blood that damage automobile engines and sensory nerves around the feet. Consequently, a diabetic can not report the detection of any minor injury caused to his foot and can go unnoticed. In addition, since the healing process is much slower in the patient, the lesion can lead to a serious infection.
The increase in sugar levels in the blood also creates a favorable environment for bacteria and viruses, further weakening the body. The speed at which these pathogens multiply and spread infection is also increased in diabetic patients compared to others.
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According to Dr. Sunil Sharma, general practitioner and emergency chief, Madan Mohan Malviya Hopsital, New Delhi, “The feet are usually the most neglected of all parts of the body. However, for diabetics is probably the most important. A needs diabetics to take good care of the health and hygiene of the feet. foot injuries are a major cause of death among diabetics affecting about 25% of patients. a seemingly trivial crack or infection may take the form of deformity severe or progress in fatal conditions such as ulceration and gangrene can even call the amputation. ”
Surprisingly, the induced diabetic foot amputations represent about 20% of all cases of amputation worldwide. In most countries it is still the leading cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputations.
Put damaged nerves apart, a patient may also develop a condition in which the bone and muscle structure of foot base moves, which leads to deformations and exposure of a higher risk of injury. Some of these strains include conditions such as onions, hammertoes, Charcot foot, etc. Sometimes the sweat glands and their operation may also be affected, leaving the feet dry and very likely crack.
“Even minor bulbs, heals cracked corn and calluses can cause serious problems. The environment hyperglycemic diabetes poorly controlled in effect increases the risk of infection is an infection of another minor mode feet,” said Dr. Sharma.
Happy Feet: Caring
1. In addition to maintaining the cleanliness and basic hygiene, it is important to keep them manicured feet. Turn on time and to get rid of dead skin and nails of the hard and ingrown toenails. Look between your fingers to keep track of fungal infections also known as intertrigo. Always be aware of any redness, cracks, discoloration of the skin, skin thickening, swelling, numbness, tingling, sensation, dryness, rashes, infections, warts or other signs that does not burn normal. It gets your feet examined by a doctor is a must, at least twice a year.
2. Make sure you invest in well-fitting shoes with soft soles appropriate. Avoid walking barefoot, especially on a surface that is too hot or too cold. Treat corn, calluses, blisters properly. Wash your feet every day and dry, but keep them hydrated. Inspect and examine your feet every day. Wear cotton socks without elastic tight without welding. Do not expose your feet to the water to extreme temperatures.
3. Past Accidents; minor surgeries or amputations can increase the risk of new problems with his feet. Smoking should be avoided, as it acts as an interference in the management of diabetes. Get your feet neurological exam at least once a year. Do not stop seeking medical help, whenever you feel the need.